Natural Resources

Water Resources 

In the days of a Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb, the Ravi flowed past Multan. One of the revenue "Mahals" is still known at Taraf Ravi. A branch of the Ravi (Monan) ran within a kilometer of the city as late as the 18th century. Even in the recent past, before the intervention of the Sidhnai cultivation, a channel of the Ravi flowed during the floods up to the suburbs of the city. The level of water in the Ravi during the winter months has much decreased owing to the supplies taken off by the Bari Doab Canal system and for the greater part of winter, its bed is dry.

The Chenab is never dry except in exceptionally dry seasons. It is conjectured that at one time, the Chenab flowed east of Multan, but since the 11th century it flowed to the west of the town as testified by Alberuni. As it now flows, the river has no high banks and the difference between the average level of the highest flood is only between 4.0 to 4.6 meters. The damage it used to cause by inundation threatening Khanewal itself, has been stopped by the construction of headworks and a series of embankments extending from Khatti Char in the Kabirwala tehsil to Dhandhua in Shujabad tehsil. The Chenab water is bringing more fertile soil in the plains than the Sutlej, but less than the Ravi. The south-western part of the district receives water from both these rivers and the people here refer to the Sutlej as male and the Chenab as female. The Beas used to run through the center of the district at one time, but since over two hundred years it joins the Sutlej at Hari Ka Pattan in the Kasur district. The Sutlej is also known as Nili or Ghara. It is joined with a river known as Hakra but now lost, which used to flow through Bahawalpur about 64 kilometers south of the Sutlej. The river bed of the Sutlej is narrower and more sharply defined than that of the Chenab. The northern bank is far better defined than that of the Chenab. Near the confluence of the two rivers, the intervening land is regularly flooded during the summer, but the flood comes almost entirely from the Chenab, the Sutlej, as a rule inundating only the area below the high bank.


The major crops of District Khanewal are:

  • Wheat
  • Cotton
  • Rice
  • Sugarcane


The major fruits of District Khanewal are:

  • Mango
  • Citrus
  • Guava


Following are the prominent vegetables of District:

  • Onion
  • Potato
  • Teenda
  • Opra